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Trpný rod z činného

Prítomný čas jednoduchý – present simple

 

Činný rod – Active

Trpný rod – Passive

People read American newspapers  all over the world

American newspapers are read all over the world.

Workers build supermarkets especially in big cities.

Supermarkets are built especially in big cities.

Stupid people watch stupid films.

Stupid films are watched by stupid people.

Only intelligent people visit this exhibition.

This exhibition is visited only by intelligent people.

I check the tests, not you.

The tests are checked by me.

Where do they produce Opel cars?

Where are Opel cars produced?

Where do they sell good apples?

Where are good apples sold?

 

Minulý čas jednoduchý – past simple

 

Činný rod – Active

Trpný rod – Passive

People saw Mary getting on the bus.

Mary was seen getting on the bus.

Some men stole ₤40,000 from a bank in the City.

₤40,000 was stolen from a bank in the City.

Somebody told me to be very careful.

I was told to be very careful.

Someone sent this letter yesterday.

This letter was sent yesterday.

My granddad built this house in 1950.

This house was built in 1950 (by my granddad).

They made a new film about the problem of migration last year.

A new film about the problem of migration was made last year.

They invited me for the party only yesterday.

I was invited for the party only yesterday,

When did they write that pamphlet?

When was that pamphlet written?

 

 

 

 

Predprítomný čas – present perfect

 

Činný rod – Active

Trpný rod – Passive

I have written this letter, not you.

This letter has been written by me.

Somebody has found my business card in the street.

My business card has been found in the street.

They haven´t invited me for the party yet.

I haven´t been invited for the party yet.

Somebody has informed the police about an illicit money transfer.

The police has been informed about an illicit money transfer.

Have they already finished the construction?

Has the construction been already finished?

Why have the police arrested the mayor of the city?

Why has the mayor of the city been arrested (by the police)?

 

Budúci čas s will – future with will

 

Činný rod – Active

Trpný rod – Passive

Mr Mackintosh will repair that car, not Mr Walton.

That car will be repaired by Mr Macintosh (not by Mr. Walton).

The workers will build this house by the end of the year.

This house will be built by the end of the year.

An unknown writer will probably write a story about this incident one day.

A story about this incident will be probably written (by an unknown writer) one day.

The detectives will interview all the people who were at the party.

All the people who were at the party will be interviewed (by the detectives).

 

 

 

Materiál je na stiahnutie vo Worde tu.

 

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